10 Ways to Defend Against Ransomware
Fighting ransomware is no easy task. whether you’re dealing with ZCryptor, Crysis, or a variety of other culprits. While few are equipped better than MSPs, gaining any extra advantage never hurts. Datto recently held a joint webinar with Webroot, an industry leader in cybersecurity for businesses and consumers. In this webinar, we went over some key fundamentals to better fight ransomware:
1. Understand the Threat: Crypto ransomware works by encrypting certain, sensitive files types and then forcing the victim to pay a ransom to gain access to a decryption key for the data. With nearly all types of crypto ransomware it’s virtually impossible to recover data without paying for the decryption key. Sometimes even paying the ransom won’t decrypt the files. As an MSP, you need to ensure your infrastructure is adequately secured, and be able to explain to your customers why it’s essential they have the technologies and policies in place to protect themselves.
2. Educate the End Users: It takes one bad decision by a user to unleash a costly ransomware attack. Ransomware is often delivered as a Trojan, through malvertising, or through a phishing email. Prevention isn’t possible 100 percent of the time, but in many cases attacks can still be stopped if users are educated about what to look for.
3. Something Phishy: The Webroot® 2016 Threat Brief showed that up to 50 percent of users will fall for a phishing attack in 2016. The key is to teach users to not open emails from unknown senders with attachments or links – and how to spot suspicious emails even when they look like they’re from known senders. Instruct users on spotting expressions or greetings the sender wouldn’t normally use as clues to something “phishy.” If all else fails, real-time anti-phishing protection can often block even zero-day phishing attacks.
4. Maintain Layers of Anti-Ransomware Technology: Reliable, cloud-based antimalware can prevent nearly all ransomware attacks, but it’s important to remember that new delivery vectors are being released constantly, so no endpoint security solution alone will offer you 100 percent protection. Additional security layers like firewalls, Windows OS policy restrictions, and having proper backups in place will all help to secure your environment.
5. Patching and Plug-Ins: Keeping applications like Adobe Reader, Java, and other plugins up to date greatly reduces security vulnerabilities and prevents browser and application vulnerabilities that may bypass your antimalware defenses. Ad and pop-up blockers also greatly reduce user error, stopping users from inadvertently clicking fake dialogs that will download ransomware.
6. Use Windows Policies to Block VSS: Blocking access to Volume Shadow Copy Service will help stop ransomware like CryptoLocker from trying to erase file backups. By creating a blocking policy for the VSSAdmin executable, any attempt to access or stop the service will result in the action being blocked.
7. Disable Windows Script Hosting: VBS scripts are used by malware authors either to cause disruption in an environment or to run a process that will download more advanced malware. You can disable them completely by disabling the Windows Script Host engine which is used by .VBS files to run. case of a ransomware attack, they might lose data on every mapped drive.
8. Filter .EXE Files in Email Servers: If your customers’ email gateways have the ability to filter files by extension, you should consider denying emails sent with .EXE files, or denying emails sent with files that have two file extensions, the last one being an executable (“*.*.EXE” files). This is a common threat vector for crypto ransomware.
9, Always Have a Backup!: Nothing is more effective at mitigating a crypto ransomware attack than being able to instantly restore data from business continuity backups. As an MSP, you cannot overemphasize the importance of backups to customers, who sometimes fail to see the value. Remind clients that without a backup they might lose data on every mapped and even unmapped drive. Ransomware such as CryptoLocker can even encrypt networked drives. Having offline air gap or cloud backups with multiple copies of each file makes it virtually impossible for extortionists to infect backup data while offering benefits to clients.
10. Stay Current on Ransomware: It pays to keep up with ransomware developments. Some ransomware strains have been cracked, but these are limited successes. Ransomware, like all malware, will continue to evolve. As an MSP, you need to monitor this evolution: which strains are most dangerous and who is being targeted. The more informed you are, the better you can protect customers.
Interested in even more great ransomware content? Check out our eBook: The Business Guide To Ransomware. In this eBook you’ll find out everything you need to know including how ransomware is spread, the common types of ransomware, and how you can protect yourself and your clients.